EEA Applications to the Home Office under EU law.
The UK is a member state of the European Union. Therefore, the nationals of other EU member states have the right to free movement within the EU zone. The EU nationals and their family members have the right to live and work in the UK. However, they can only do that when exercising treaty rights in the UK. Simultaneously, that person must qualify as envisaged under the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016 (EEA Regs).
The various EEA applications which can be made to the Home Office by the EEA nationals and their family members are listed below:
Home Office can issue an EEA family permit. By the way, this permit is a form of ‘entry clearance visa’ to the UK for six months. Nationals of countries outside the European Economic Area (EEA) can join their EEA family members. Most importantly they can join those family members who are exercising their treaty rights and residing in the UK.
A non-European family member of an EEA or Swiss national may join them in the UK and apply for a residence card. Moreover, the residence card is a document which proves a right to stay in the UK under EU law.
Usually, the Home Office issues residence card for five years. For instance, it may take the form of an endorsement in the passport (“sticker”) or a separate document confirming the immigration status.
Home Office can grant an extended family member with EEA family permit or residence card. But, an applicant must provide evidence of her/his dependency from the EEA National family member or relationship to meet the above requirements.
Non-EEA unmarried partners of the EEA Nationals can join their EEA National partners. However, to do that they must be exercising their treaty rights in the UK and prove that they are in a durable relationship with the EEA national.
An applicant can qualify for a permanent residence document. However, that person needs to show that he/she has been exercising her/his Treaty Rights in the UK for a ‘continuous period’ of five years. To clarify, permanent Residency is only valid in the UK.
An EEA National may apply for a registration certificate to confirm his/her immigration status. Subsequently, that allows having fewer checks when applying for benefits and travelling.